Aleppo Suks y Mercados
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Title: Suqs/ Mercados
Publication/ Ejemplar: Saudi Aramco World
Writer/ Escritor: Louis Werner
Translatotion/ Tradución: Ruth Saravia
Aleppo y Damasco se disputan el titulo de la ciudad más antigua del mundo que ha sido habitada de manera continua. Ambas son mencionadas en las tablas Eblaite del tercer milenio A.C. donde Aleppo aparece mencionada como Hal-pa-pa. No obstante, las reliquias neo-Hitita finas recién encontradas en el montículo alto de lo fuera la gran fortaleza de a Alepo, parecen favorecer en este concurso de antigüedad a esta ciudad, la mas al norte de estas dos ciudades más grandes de Siria.
Desde la antigüedad Alepo se ha dedicado al comercio; importes y exportes a larga distancia de objetos exóticos y el comercio cara a cara de mercadería para el uso cotidiano. Esta actividad ha sido el sustento de la economía de Aleppo. Los gritos anunciando nueva mercancia y el chachareo de los mercaderes que repica aun el las estrechas calles es el eco de las voces de aquellos comerciantes que la fundaron hace 4.000 años.
Hoy en día hay unos 15 kilómetros (9 millas) de calle dedicadas a los suqs o mercados, callejones sin salidas y zaguanes comerciales van a dar a la avenida principal que mide un kilómetro y medio. Esta avenida principal esta cubierta en parte de piedras con las que fue fundada y ladrillo y sigue la ruta de Decumanus, la calle principal de la ciudad de este a oeste trazada en tiempos de la Grecia antigua. Así como esta calle fue trazada fueron tantas otras en varias ciudades en el mundo Mediterráneo.
En aquel entonces Aleppo era el centro principal de importación y distribución entre el este y el oeste. Aquí las riquezas de la India y Mesopotámia se encontraban con sus compradores e intermediarios que las embarcaban hasta el continente Griego y posteriormente a Roma.
Empezando cerca de la ciudadela, la calle principal Decumanus corre cuesta abajo pasando por los puestos de artesanías y otros como el suq al-Attarine o mercado de perfumes. Hasta abajo esta el portón lo suficientemente alto como para que pasase un camello sin tener que agacharse en rumbo hacia el Puerto de Antioquia, 80 Kilómetros (50 millas) hacia el occidente. Hoy, comerciantes recién llegados a Aleppo, llegan desde Moscú por avió o desde Turquía en autobús. Los objetos exótico que alguna vez se distribulleron aqui para la venta ahora han dado cabida a los productos de marcas globales.
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THE LANGUAGE OF THE JESUS IN THE LAND OF THE BOOK
Syria is truly the Land of the Book. The ancient alphabets of the Near East grew into Aramaic and then Hebrew, and finally Arabic and the modern Latin script that you're reading!
spoke to His Disciples in Aramaic. And nowhere else in the Holy Land
does His language live as in Maaloula, where His words may still be
Maaloula is just a short drive from Damascus, and home to Christian community that thrives after 2000 years.
much as any land, Syria is the birthplace of the Christian faith. St.
Paul converted on the road to Damascus, and in the early centuries of
full panoply of the Christian experience in the Near East has been played
out in Syria. The Krak des Chevaliers is the unique unconquered Crusader
Extend your stay in Syria for one day and visit Maaloula
Each of the 16 rooms and suites at Talisman is unique with its personalized lay-out and decoration. All the rooms are equipped with the latest commodities:king size bed, mini bar, central heating, individual air-conditioning, plasma television set with decoder so that you may choose any channel you please, DVD reader, wi-fi internet connection, telephone. Executive suites are larger and have a desk corner. The bathrooms are spacious and planned for your rest and well-being: finely worked wooden basins with their matching mirrors, old cement tiled or beige marble floors, bath tub or shower cabin, or both, hair-drier and comfortable bathrobes.
26-room hotel offers a wonderful view of the traces of past civilizations,
which you can explore at your ease. The hotel is a masterpiece of elegance
and warm hospitality that is part of our commitment to tradition particularly
amidst this historical surrounding. You are welcome to the world of Zenobia
hotel where you relive the past and feel the glorious days of Palmyra.
was known as the bride of the desert, where once stood as one of the greatest
Roman oasis cities of all times. The extensive roman ruins, only a three-minute
walk from the hotel; stand gracefully to remind us of the glory of Palmyra's
The Hotel is in " Jadidah" which is a particularly picturesque quarter. Next to the main Maronite church is Sissi Street, which is full of old Arab residences. Most have now been converted into small boutique hotels and restaurants serving the delicious local Arab-Syrian cuisine for which Aleppo is famous. Beit Wakil is one of the loveliest examples. Simple on the outside, but you enter a beautiful courtyard with a fountain, a majestic arch, coloured marble flooring and arabesque glass windows. You can descend past an underground bar into stone-built cellars with a labyrinth of tunnels, said to lead all the way to the Aleppo Citadel.
Beit Wakil,a true example of the distinguished 16th. century Aleppine architecture,is a charming palace situated just outside the old city walls.This perfectly preserved structure which has stubbornly defied the destructive elements of time,ranks among the most elegant and beautiful palaces in the region. Faithful to the old Aleppine tradition the exterior is castle like,simple and void of any decoration,but as soon one enters inside a magical oriental story like world comes into existence
The beautiful courtyards with breathtaking relief and tracery work of their walls, the marble fountains among the jasmine and lemon trees, the unique iwan with its majestic arch and colors marble flooring,the elegant arabesque woodwork of the wall cupboards,the hand drawn wooden ceilings with corniche, the famous central Qa'a (large room: Lobby ) with its suspended dome and coloured arabesque glass windows,the stone built cellars and the lime stone caves below with a labyrinth of tunnels , one of which , links the palace to the Citadel of Aleppo , are just few of the many elements which distinguishes the Aleppine masonry art and Arabian architectural genius
Beit Wakil welcomes its guests as a four star hotel with all the modern
comfort facilities. Beit Wakil rooms and suits are centrally air conditioned,
with traditional comfortable Aleppine furniture, minibar, music, T. V
and satellite services, phone and private bathrooms. Both our summer and
winter restaurants offer a wide verity of delicious Aleppine mezes and
specialties together with an oriental entertainment program of classical
Arabic music and dancing.
Aleppo includes a virile population, a splendid architecture,and a fine Arab tradition. Aleppo AL-Chahba, 355 Kilometers from Damascus, has been a prosperous city since the 3rd millennium B.C. and has maintained its status through town development and an increasing population. It has played a vital role in the history of the area from the time of the Akkadian and Amorite Kingdoms. Until recently it has always been the center of the junction of the ancient trade routs. The old city was surrounded by a wall incorporating defense towers and fortified gates built during the Islamic period. A large part of the wall still standing, for example Bab Qinisrin, Bab Al-Nasser, Bab Al-Hadid, Bab Antakia. Aleppo is also known for its mosques and churches and is considered the third city in the Islamic world because of the number of its mosques and schools. The Archaeological Museum contains exhibits from the stone age to modern times. It has particularly interesting collection of antiquities from some of the most ancient site in Syria (Mari, Ugarit, Ebla) , objects found in the Euphrates Basin, Hama, Tell Halaf and Ein Dara, in addition to remains from Greek, Roman, Arab and Islamic periods. Most famous of Aleppo's sights is the citadel, from where all of the city can be seen.
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The city-state of Palmyra in northeast Syria just off the Iraqi highway
was phenomenal. Palmyra is Syria’s start tourist attraction and
one of the world’s most splendid historical sites. Palmyra’s
intriguing history, along with a profusion of colonnades, temple and funerary
towers are mesmerizing in this desert oasis. Palmyra means the city of
Palms (as one would expect on an oasis in the desert).
The great 1 km colonnaded avenue is really special. Around this are the theater, Diocletian’s Baths and the Tetrapylon. The Tetrapylon is a tight grouping of four columns with each of the pillars supporting 150,000 kg of solid cornice. One is of the original pink granite from Aswan in Egypt. The Valley of the Tombs is very striking. The underground burial chambers of “the three brothers” is a piece of art with frescoes, paintings and statuary.
These two Syrian cities both claim to be the oldest continually occupied
city in the world. Both lay claim to a 4000-year history of being a city.
We found both of them to be fascinating.
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