Nefertiti Turns Egypt Upside Down!!
first bloodless religious revolution against the established church
in Ancient Egypt
Cleopatra visited Rome in 46 BC, was received in triumph, and moved into Caesar's villa even though Caesar was already married. Caesar's imperial ambitions and his indiscreet extramarital affair with Cleopatra turned powerful senators against him, and he was murdered on the steps of the Senate in March of 44 BC.
the Nile like Cleopatra and Egyptian Queens. Sail the Nile the way Nefertiti
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Akhenaton's hymn to Aten is believed to have been his own composition. Its beauty is indicated in the following extracts from Profs. Breasted's poetic translation:--
thou risest in the eastern horizon of heaven,
Thou fillest every land with thy beauty.
thou settest in the western horizon of heaven,
The world is in darkness like the dead.
is the earth when thou risest in the horizon,
When thou shinest as Aten by day.
The darkness is banished, when thou sendest forth thy rays.
manifold are all thy works, They are hidden from before us,
O thou sole god, whose powers no other possesseth,
Thou didst create the earth according to thy desire
While thou wast alone.
world is in thy hand,
Even as thou hast made them.
When thou hast risen, they live.
When thou settest, they die.
For thou art duration, beyond thy mere limbs.
By thee man liveth,
And their eyes look upon thy beauty,
Until thou settest.
makest the beauty of form. . . .
Thou art in my heart.
Thou (Aten) placest a Nile in heaven that it may rain upon them.
thou hast made the Nile beneath the earth
Thou bringest it according to thy will to make the people live. . . .
That it may nourish every field.
Aton also made the firmament in which to rise:
in thy forms as the living Aten,
Shining afar off and returning . . .
All eyes see thee before them.
Some have noticed the Psalm 104 shares certain similarities with this Ancient Egyptian poem the Great Hymn to the Aten by Akhenaten . The hymn notes the depth of human sleep, awakening to daylight. Of lands, pastures, animals expressing the joy of warmth of sunlight, and of the growth of plants, and creatures in the daily sustenance of the sun. The hymn portrays the sun as the giver of all life, plunging the land into darkness and danger during the night, to reawaken to life, daily work and praise with the dawn. There is great emphasis on the diversity and holiness of all living things, who praise the Aten with their every action.
Akhenaton's religious reforms (later regarded heretical and reverted under his successor Tutankhamun) have been described by some scholars as the earliest known example of monotheistic . Akhenaten (Akhenaton) ruled Egypt circa 1352-1336 BCE.
The hymn suggests that Akhenaten considered Aten (the disk, orb, sphere, globe of the sun) as the only god, and creator of the universe, particularly in the verses translated as:
manifold it is, what thou hast made!
They are hidden from the face (of man).
O sole god, like whom there is no other!
Thou didst create the world according to thy desire,
Whilst thou wert alone: All men, cattle, and wild beasts,
Whatever is on earth, going upon (its) feet,
And what is on high, flying with its wings.
The countries of Syria and Nubia, the land of Egypt,
Thou settest every man in his place,
Thou suppliest their necessities:
Everyone has his food, and his time of life is reckoned.
Their tongues are separate in speech,
And their natures as well;
Their skins are distinguished,
As thou distinguishest the foreign peoples.
Thou makest a Nile in the underworld,
Thou bringest forth as thou desirest
To maintain the people (of Egypt)
According as thou madest them for thyself,
The lord of all of them, wearying (himself) with them,
The lord of every land, rising for them,
The Aton of the day, great of majesty.
The hymn notes the depth of human sleep, awakening to daylight. Of lands, pastures, animals expressing the joy of warmth of sunlight, and of the growth of plants, and creatures in the daily sustenance of the sun.
The hymn portrays the sun as the giver of all life, plunging the land into darkness and danger during the night, to reawaken to life, daily work and praise with the dawn. There is great emphasis on the diversity and holiness of all living things, who praise the Aten with their every action.
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